compass as well as a map. It can be more accurate than other compasses but it is harder to use and therefore should only be used once the basic principles of map and compass work have been mastered. and the compass is pointing to your objective, you need to start walking Do not walk and look at the compass at the same time - It’s easy to veer off your bearing-You can’t see what’s in front and around you Find an intermediate point that is on your bearing, put your compass down and walk to this point, and repeat this until you get to your Which parts your compass has depends largely on what kind you carry. Most of us know how to use the compass, but when using a … We’ll talk more about how they are used since this skill can be amazing for search-and-rescue missions, or for finding your way to somewhere that no one has ever been before. ! Process overview: This process allows users who have registered for Compass to log in to the system. Locate yourself and a prominent distant object on the map, and measure its magnetic bearing with the compass. Navigation is one of the Ten Essentials and most outdoor speople take a compass with them on every adventure. A lensatic compass is also known as a military compass, and these compasses are used to cross terrain that may not have trails or may be more challenging to navigate. How to use a compass Lesson 1 - Using the compass alone. Sighting the bearing. How to use a compass A compass is basically a 360o protractor that has a needle that will point to magnetic north. For these measurements we will use a Brunton compass like the one you see in the pictures above. A compass with a larger base is useful here for covering longer distances, but you can use a straight edge with a smaller compass. Before we use your compass, we'll have to set the declination. If the map scale is 1:50 000, and your compass has the corresponding map measuring scale, use this to measure distance. We will begin by taking the strike of a bedding plane. Beginners guide to using a compass Using land features instead. MN 340 N 320 300 280 W 260 240 220 200 S 160 140 120 100 E 80 60 40 20. Rotate DIAL on the compass until chosen bearing lines align But how do you use them? skill—when you learn how to use a compass. Step 2: Align to grid north. Even though these days, you might use your cell phone, an app, or the GPS system in your car to get directions, you can accomplish the same thing with a compass. Sight the horizon by looking through the horizon mirror, then move the sextant’s index arm until the object you’re trying to find is also visible on the horizon. I use blaze orange tether cord because it's strong and will help me spot my compass if I drop it on the ground; How to Use a Compass If you get anything that's metal around your compass, the north seeking arrow will follow that metal all the way around. To Follow a Bearing . compass housing with the map in step 2, when navigating with the SILVA 1-2-3 system . To use your lensatic compass to find the direction of your intended azimuth which you probably got from your map, using your protractor:. If your compass lacks the corresponding map measuring scale , use the regular Metric or Imperial Ruler found on the edge of the baseplate . To use a sextant to find the angle of elevation of an object, you’ll need to know your elevation above sea level. As you know, the north seeking arrow it's always going to point towards magnetic north. Using a compass is a life saving skill. Soon the needle became the centerpiece of the compass, and travelers had a valuable tool for helping them find their way. • Use the sighting notch to align the compass with the target. In order to measure the strike, place the side or edge of the compass against the plane of the outcrop. For the moment, don't worry about the north arrow. Your own life or someone in your group could be saved by your ability to read a map and navigate your way to safety.. To become accomplished at taking bearings and converting them will require you to read carefully through the following directions and let the directions “sink in”. We will use the convention that North is 0° or 360°, East is 90°, South is 180° and West is 270°. Keeping these two simple items in your pack—and knowing how to use them—is a small step that could save you a lot of trouble. How to Use a Compass . Students use a compass to determine bearings/direction. 8 RULER If the map scale is 1:50 000, and your compass has the corresponding map measuring scale, use this to measure distance. Construction of different types of compasses, the system of noting bearings of the lines, some problems associated with measurement with compass are explained and then field work involved in compass survey is presented. Most compass-es are marked with the four cardinal points—north, east, south, and west—but some are marked additionally with the number of degrees in a circle (360: north is 0 or 360, east is 90, south is 180, and west is 270). I have made a couple of PDF’s that you can download below that show you how to: - Set the map to north APN - How to use the compass to point you down the correct path - 1-2-3 - How to use the compass to go across more open countryside - A to B. I will also be putting up a crib sheet for relocation skills in the next month or so. Today's compasses are easy to use. Time: One 30 – 60 minute session Materials: Copies of diagrams, orienteering compass, writing utensil Directions: Read direction to “Fred” 1. Point “Fred” at object Summary – Compass Basics • Compass parts – Mirror (cover), base, dial, needle, declination set screw (some models) • Uses – Determine a direction to travel – Determine direction to known object How to Use a Compass to Find the Right Direction. HOW A COMPASS WORKS A thousand years ago, someone noticed that a magnetized needle floating in a bowl of water would swing around to point in a northerly direction. Top tip: The red end of the compass points to north, the black end points to south. Prismatic compass - This is a more expensive type of compass with a prism which enables a compass bearing to be taken while sighting your objective. Hold the compass level - if the compass is tilted, the needle will touch the clear lid and not move correctly. Roles: All. When you use the compass for navigation, don’t put any metal object near the compass. How to use and read a compass, (if you are traveling any distance off the beaten path without a GPS device), is an essential survival skill. The first thing you need to learn, are the directions. A compass is the most reliable navigation method—but it’s no good unless you know your way around it. of compass parallel to the direction the feature plunges 2. Glacial Striations (Maine) M. J. Cooke First, find the declination in your are by visiting NOAA Geomagnetic Data Then, follow the directions that came with your compass to set the declination properly. Next, turn the degree dial so that the orienting arrow lines up with the magnetic arrow inside the compass. Now you can take a bearing on a real object. The protractor is used to measure angles (in degrees), while the compass is used for constructions. Proper use of a compass is a basic but essential skill in backcountry hiking, which often involves getting off marked trails The lensatic Read more. To use a compass, hold the compass flat on your outspread hand in front of your chest. With a compass, you can fi nd your way anywhere in the world. A compass is a wonderful tool for finding your way around compass points that confuse so many people. About the best thing you can possibly do is to add a small length of sturdy cord to your compass. Compass bearings step 1: line up your points. The protractor as well as the compass were instruments used in ancient Greece to solve geometry problems. User guide: how to log in to Compass . The compass card may have a sapphire cap and an agate point for its pivot. Page 2 Si vous utilisez une boussole Brunton munie d’un système de visée à miroir, ajustez-le de façon à qu’il reflète tout le cadran azimutal lorsque vous regardez la base. If the user hasn’t yet registered, please see the user guide ‘How to register for Compass’ for help with how to do Associated Objective: Students will become familiar with navigational tools (map and compass) and demonstrate their ability to use them to navigate successfully. Read the correct end of the needle. How to use a compass for hiking in Australia. To find North: Hold the compass horizontally then rotate until the red arrow points to the red “N” . This is a very easy lesson, and I would say, not sufficient for those who would like to travel safely in unfamiliar terrain. Select a bearing (for example NW or 60). Page 1 If you are using a Brunton compass that has a Sighting Mirror, adjust the mirror so that it reflects the entire compass dial as you look across the Figure 7C Base Plate. Hold compass level 3. A Compass Is For Getting Your Bearings. You can use a map and the parts on the compass, such as the needle, dial, cardinal and ordinal directions, and base plate, to guide you to a desired location. My compass didn't come with a cord attached, but it did have a lanyard hole. Sighting with a Mirrored Compass • Hold the compass level with the mirror at about a 45° angle.! Get to Know Your Compass . Use your compass to check to see if you are correct. As an alternative to using a compass to orientate your map, you can use your eyesight. Then, look at the travel arrow on the baseplate of the compass … Plotting a bearing on a map using a round lensatic compass. Although you may not use your compass regularly, it is a vital piece of survival equipment and something that you definitely don’t want to be without when you desperately need it. If your compass lacks the corresponding map measuring scale , use the regular Metric ruler found on the edge of the baseplate . Both kinds are easy to use … Use common sense, such as knowing that if you are in North America, Europe, or Asia and heading anywhere towards the sun during the middle of the day, you are heading in a southerly direction. Use of compass for measuring direction of a line simplifies the surveying to a great extent. Read the white end of the compass needle Trend: The orientation of a line, in the direction that it is inclined. A quick video showing you how to use and understand the basics of a compass Navigators use a little verse to tell them whether to add or subtract the variation when applying it to the compass reading to get the true direction: “Variation east, compass least; variation west, compass … Using a compass to get a bearing to a distant target. 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