The Taj Mahal was commissioned by Shah Jahan in 1631, to be built in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, who died on 17 June that year, while giving birth to their 14th child, Gauhara Begum. The Taj Mahal is known as the grandest architectural accomplishment of his reign. • The most famous building of Shah Jahan is the Taj Mahal. 9. Therefore, it is a pertinent question whether Shah Jahan himself built the edifice, or he converted an existing building into a mausoleum. Today its stunning architecture has made it one of … Here the white marble mausoleum was placed on a terrace by the … Taj Mahal The Taj Mahal was commissioned by Shah Jahan, the emperor of Mughal. 7. During his 30 year reign, Shah Jahan transformedhis empire into a well-oiled military machine. Shah Jahan invested most of his time in building a massive army. The crown-jewel of Mughal architecture and one of the most famous buildings in the world was built by Shah Jahan between 1632 and 1653 as a mausoleum for his wife Mumtaz Mahal. His wife had long since passed by this time. Originally built by Emperor Shah Jahan to house the tomb his wife, the Taj Mahal remains an architectural marvel of the modern world. The Mughals built many buildings during their era. Taj Mahal, mausoleum complex in Uttar Pradesh in northern India, built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the 17th century. 8. Shah Jahan’s buildings are located at different places like Agra, Ahmedabad, Ajmer, Delhi, Lahore, Kabul and Kashmir etc. Shah Jahan was a Mughal emperor who ruled India in the 17th century. It was completed in 1643 AD. Ustad Ahmad Lahauri was the name of the architect that Jahan chose to design and build the Taj Mahal (Sardar). It was built in the memory of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Court Papers Badshahnama, one of the most important court journals of Shah Jahan, deals with the burial of Mumtaz in two pages of its first volume (pp.403-404). Shah Jahān, Mughal emperor of India (1628–58) who built the Taj Mahal. Shah Jahan’s Army. The building complex is noted for its central features; the royal tomb that contains Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan’s cenotaphs. He was the third son of the Mughal emperor Jahāngīr and the Rajput princess Manmati. The white marble monument of the Emperor’s love for his wife was recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. Shah Jahan’s buildings are mostly built with white marble in place of red stone.. Taj Mahal (Agra): Chief features: 2. This is enclosed within a marble screen that is highly perforated. He had it built to be the final resting place of Mumtaz Mahal, his wife. 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