The caste system in India and the class system in the United States are both based on wealth levels and are set up to favor those of higher class, or those with greater wealth. Class, as implied previously, is more fluid than caste. Caste system is the system of division of labour and power in human society. 1) Define the meaning of the word caste. Describe the differences between open and closed systems of stratification. Pandita Ramabai, a great scholar of Sanskrit, felt that Hinduism was oppressive towards women, and wrote a book about the miserable lives of upper-caste Hindu women. 2. The upper caste men were allowed the right to take a second wife from the lower order. The lower caste women are not regarded as grihnis or family women as the high caste women are. Caste system is based on ascribed status, not achieved status*. Caste The English word "caste" derives from the Spanish and Portuguese casta, which means "race, lineage, or breed".Caste is a form of social stratification characterized by endogamy and hereditary occupations. Caste system is typically based on Hindu tradition. (A Comparison between Women and Men), criticising the social differences between men and women. In Sri Lanka, there are four key elements that comprise social stratification: a. Caste b. 5. However, there are some major differences between the caste system and class system. Caste system plays a fundamental role in division of labour. You must be able to explain these differences in order to fully understand our social structure! Caste system is a very complex and intricate social system that determines social status achieved by birth. Caste system is the syst em of division of labour and power in hum an society. Based on these elements of stratification, the social class and caste system developed in Sri Lanka historically. Based on these elements of strat ification, the social class and caste sy stem developed in Sri Lanka hist orically. Is caste system closely similar to class system? Class and caste are not all that different, but caste is more rigid than class. Varna’s are only four in number i.e. Caste system is the closed system. Class c. Gender d. Ethnicity 4. Article shared by. Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Sudra. She founded a widows’ home at Poona to provide shelter to widows who had been 5. Account for the differences in vertical social mobility across different class societies. Some of the major differences between varna and caste are as follows: Varna: 1. 5. Both divide societies into strata from highest to lowest. Every caste has its own tradition, rituals, ethnicity and so on. The Important Distinctions between Class and Caste Stratifications in societies are: (1) Caste Stratification is Inherited and Class Stratification is Mostly Achieved: Caste is inherited, a child at birth takes the status of his parents and as such the latter attributed of his life cannot change what birth has given to him. Salient features of caste system. You must remember though, before you begin reading further, that both social systems exist because of inequality. Here are the characterizations of caste system and the class system. Literally ‘Varna’ means colour and originates from the world ‘Vri’ meaning the choice of one’s occupation. Hence Varna is concerned with one’s colour or occupation. A caste is a way of classifying or distinguish the Hindu or Indian by their levels of occupation, power and wealth. The fundamental difference between upper and lower caste woman is the possession or non-possession of material resources or property. 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