Updates? Green and loggerhead turtles, which are protected by law, breed on the beaches along the coast. The … There is a narrow fertile plain along the northern coast, where the vegetation is largely evergreen and includes olive, carob, and citrus trees. Today Cyprus is a popular tourist destination for visitors from Europe, favoured by honeymooners (as befits the legendary home of Aphrodite, the ancient Greek goddess of love), bird-watchers drawn by the island’s diversity of migratory species, and other vacationers. The official languages of the Republic of Cyprus are Greek and Turkish. Its independence was recognized only by Turkey. Rome2rio displays up to date schedules, route maps, journey times and estimated fares from relevant transport operators, ensuring you can … Average annual precipitation is about 20 inches (500 mm). If you travel with an airplane (which has average speed of 560 miles) from Cyprus to Greece, It takes 1.24 hours to arrive. Cyprus belongs geographically to Western Asia (Middle East) and politically to Europe. The range’s summit, Mount Olympus (also called Mount Troodos), reaches an elevation of 6,401 feet (1,951 metres) and is the island’s highest point. The Cyprus Pound was gradually phased out over the following few years. Petra tou Romiou, the legendary site of Aphrodite's emergence from the sea, near Old Paphos, Cyprus. In spring and autumn millions pass over the island, while many species winter there. An autonomous Turkish Cypriot administration controls the northern area. Its chief cities—the capital of Nicosia, Limassol, Famagusta, and Paphos—have absorbed the influences of generations of conquerors, pilgrims, and travelers and have an air that is both cosmopolitan and provincial. Many visitors go to Larnaca (Larnaka), the major port located on the southeast coast of the island. Other common languages spoken on the island are Russian, French and German. Facebook Twitter. The naming of the island is a matter of dispute amongst historians. Cyprus, Greek Kípros, Turkish Kıbrıs, an island in the eastern Mediterranean Sea renowned since ancient times for its mineral wealth, superb wines and produce, and natural beauty. Cyprus Greece Egypt Cyprus President Nicos Anastasiades, right, welcomes the Egypt's President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi following their meeting at the presidential palace in capital Nicosia, Cyprus, on Wednesday, Oct. 21, 2020. Supporters of the Republic of Cyprus may refer to the northern portion as "Occupied Cyprus". This is called "The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" but is only recognized as legitimate by Turkey itself. Cyprus lies about 40 miles (65 km) south of Turkey, 60 miles (100 km) west of Syria, and 480 miles (770 km) southeast of mainland Greece. It was a British colony from 1925 until 1960. You are not an island, but you probably know a lot about them. Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. December 14, 2020 2:20 pm. Greece says if Turkey does not reverse reopening part of Cypriot ghost town, it may seek to trigger economic sanctions. Cyprus's official name is the Republic of Cyprus. Cyprus has extensive cultural ties with Greece but is not under Greek control. More information on. The long-standing conflict between the Greek Cypriot majority and the Turkish Cypriot minority and an invasion of the island by Turkish troops in 1974 produced an actual—although internationally unrecognized—partition of the island and led to the establishment in 1975 of a de facto Turkish Cypriot state in the northern third of the country. Omissions? Cyprus – Greece ferry connection was discontinued in 2000 mainly due to the drop in the price of airline tickets. Summer temperatures in Nicosia range between an average daily maximum of 98 °F (37 °C) and an average daily minimum of 70 °F (21 °C); in winter the range is between 59 °F (15 °C) and 41 °F (5 °C). In 1960 Cyprus became independent of Britain (it had been a crown colony since 1925) as the Republic of Cyprus. Cyprus vacation rentals in Paphos are a pick for history buffs. Tucked into its south-western corner, there are plenty of reasons why the town is one of the top draws on the island. Cyprus has an intense Mediterranean climate, with a typically strongly marked seasonal rhythm. One theory suggests that the large quantity of copper deposits on the island gave the name Cyprus, as copper has the Latin name of cuprum (the Latin symbol is Cu). What Kind of Government Does Cyprus Have? Prior to that, it was under British administrative control from 1878 and under Ottoman Empire control for most of the preceding several hundred years. Louis Cruises is one that offers transit between Greece, Cyprus, and Egypt, among other destinations. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Cyprus is positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the earth. The rugged island of Cyprus resembles a saucepan, with the handle extending northeastward from the main part. Between the two ranges lies the Mesaoria Plain (its name means “Between the Mountains”), which is flat and low-lying and extends from Morphou Bay in the west to Famagusta Bay in the east. Between autumn and spring the Mesaoria Plain is green and colourful, with an abundance of wildflowers, flowering bushes, and shrubs; there are also patches of woodland in which eucalyptus and various types of acacia, cypress, and lowland pine are found. These latter are found only in isolated saline pockets throughout the island. Report inappropriate content . Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean, after Sardinia and Sicily, and ahead of Crete. Cyprus is a large island located in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, east of Greece, south of Asia Minor, west of the Levant, and north of Egypt. The Lusignan kingdom and Genoese and Venetian rule, Establishment of an independent Turkish state, Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Cyprus, Jewish Virtual Library - Cyprus Virtual Jewish History Tour, Cyprus - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Cyprus - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Cyprus is also visited by many cruise ships. Some of the most important sea turtle habitats in the Mediterranean, located in Greece and Cyprus, "remain unprotected," the Bern Convention warned in a press release on Wednesday. DeTraci Regula is a freelance writer who has specialized in Greek travel and tours for 18 years. It is located south of Turkey and west of Syria and Lebanon, and northwest of Israel. Distance from Cyprus to Greece is 1,120 kilometers. The Turkish Cypriot state made a unilateral declaration of independence in 1983 and adopted the name Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The only large wild animal now surviving is the agrino, a subspecies of wild sheep related to the mouflon of the western Mediterranean; it is under strict protection in a small forested area of the Troodos range. Other, less-productive soils include solonchaks and solonetz soils. Greece and Cyprus have amongst the highest home ownership rates in the European Union, according to data published yesterday by the statistical agency Eurostat. Her work has appeared in Travel + Leisure, USA Today 10Best, Michelin Guide, Hemispheres, DuJour, and Jetsetter. The major rivers in Cyprus originate in the Troodos Mountains. No. Nightlife and cheese-sizzling tavernas aside, you'll be able to wander a vast UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is located south of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, northwest of Israel and Palestine, north of Egypt and east of Greece. Fossil remains of elephants and hippopotamuses have been found in the Kyrenia area, and in ancient times there were large numbers of deer and boar. A “golden-green leaf thrown into the Sea” and a land of “wild weather and volcanoes,” in the words of the Greek Cypriot poet Leonidas Malenis, Cyprus comprises tall mountains, fertile valleys, and wide beaches. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: Cyprus, Greece, and Israel are steadily building a democratic geopolitical bloc in the Eastern Mediterranean. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Cyprus. Cyprus is an island in the eastern Mediterranean that was divided into a Greek southern side and a Turkish northern side after a coup instigated by the dictatorship ruling Greece in 1974 and a subsequent Turkish military offensive. Cyprus, an island in the eastern Mediterranean, has rich, turbulent history stretching back to antiquity. In practice, many merchants take a wide variety of foreign currency. Crime. It is the third largest Mediterranean island, after Sicily and Sardinia. Cyprus lies about 40 miles (65 km) south of Turkey, 60 miles (100 km) west of Syria, and 480 miles (770 km) southeast of mainland Greece. Rome2rio makes travelling from Greece to Cyprus easy. While Northern Cyprus will continue to officially use the Turkish Lira, in practice its merchants and hoteliers have been accepting a wide variety of foreign currency for years, and this will continue. Airport codes for Cyprus are:Larnaca - LCAPaphos - PFOIn Northern Cyprus:Ercan - ECN, Your Trip to Nuremberg: The Complete Guide, This Is How Far Greece Is Away From Middle Eastern Countries, Travel to Europe: A Reopening Timeline, Country by Country, How to Navigate Through the Islands of the Caribbean, Plan a Trip to the Island Country of Malta, Use Maps to Plan Your Mediterranean Cruise, Visit Sissy's Palace on the Greek Island of Corfu, A Guide to Lantau Island, Hong Kong's Biggest Island, Doge's Palace in Venice: The Complete Guide, What You Need to Know About Currencies in Europe, Top Tips for Planning a European Cruise Vacation, What a UK Uncoupling From Europe Could Mean for Ireland. Cyprus has been divided since 1974 when Turkey invaded the north in response to a military coup on the island which was backed by the Greek government. The air travel (bird fly) shortest distance between Cyprus and Greece is 1,120 km= 696 miles. The range stretches eastward about 50 miles (80 km) from near the island’s west coast to the 2,260-foot (689-metre) Stavrovouni peak, about 12 miles (19 km) from the southeastern coast. This air travel distance is equal to 696 miles. The Cyprus-Greece Maritime Connection will be between the ports of Limassol or Larnaca and Piraeus (Keratsini Terminal), and possibly a stop at a Greek island of the choice of the contractor. Paphos (where they hold an annual cultural festival named for, Kyrenia (Northern Cyprus). There are many flights between Greece and Cyprus, though relatively few travelers include both nations on the same trip. The quantity of this pottery concludes that there were numerous Mycenaean settlers, if not settlements, on the island. Settled for more than 10 millennia, Cyprus stands at a cultural, linguistic, and historic crossroads between Europe and Asia. e The Cyprus dispute, also known as the Cyprus conflict, Cyprus issue, or Cyprus problem, is an ongoing dispute between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots. Autumn and winter precipitation, on which agriculture and water supply depend, is variable. It was, however, part of ancient Greece. Let’s take a look at the match preview as we try to provide the best betting tips and correct score prediction for this tie. As a percentage of population, Greeks and Cypriots record 75.4% and 67.9% homeownership rates respectively. The Troodos range has pine, dwarf oak, cypress, and cedar forest coverings. Interethnic violence had earlier caused the partial separation of the two communities. Roughly in the centre of the plain is Nicosia. The Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities of Nicosia segregated into the south and north of the city respectively in early 1964, following the fighting of the Cyprus crisis of 1963–64 that broke out in the city. Small game is abundant but keenly hunted. Access between the two parts of Cyprus has often been restricted but in recent years has been generally problem-free. Greece, Cyprus threaten EU sanctions against Turkey over Varosha. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Kakopetria in the foothills of the Troodos Mountains, southern Cyprus. Nicosia is the capital; it is divided by "The Green Line" into two parts, similar to the way Berlin was once divided. From December to March the Troodos range experiences several weeks of below-freezing night temperatures, and snowfall is considerable. 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