Subsequent leaves are alternate (with a single leaf attached to a node), spirally arranged, and pinnately compound, with leaf bases sheathing the stem. noun. Premature separation (shattering) before harvest is undesirable because it can result in seed loss. , Highly excessive consumption over a period of time can result in carotenemia, a yellow-orange discoloration of the skin caused by a build up of carotenoids. Noun. The stamens of the brown, male, sterile flowers degenerate and shrivel before the flower fully opens. ‘carrot cake’. ... Synonyms for carrot. Specimens of the "eastern" carrot that survive to the present day are commonly purple or yellow, and often have branched roots. The plant probably originated in Persia and was originally cultivated for its leaves and seeds. The purple colour common in these carrots comes from anthocyanin pigments.. Carrots are grown from seed and can take up to four months (120 days) to mature, but most cultivars mature within 70 to 80 days under the right conditions. , This article is about the cultivated vegetable. , Carrots benefit from strongly scented companion plants. dishonor nonpayment disapproval refrain. A popular variation in north India is the Gajar Ka Halwa carrot dessert, which has carrots grated and cooked in milk until the whole mixture is solid, after which nuts and butter are added. They store well, have a pale-coloured core and are mostly used for processing. I think it a carrot. (ˈkærət, ˈkɛrət) Orange root; important source of carotene. A vegetable is an edible part of a plant, like a stalk of broccoli, a carrot, or a spinach leaf. Rupr. In the vegetable beet almost all popular vegetables can be sown from mid-April : salads and kohlrabi on beetroot, carrots and onion n up to peas and chard, as well as one to two years of herbs such as dill, parsley, .. .  Irrigation is applied when needed to keep the soil moist.  There is a popular belief that its orange colour making it popular in those countries as an emblem of the House of Orange and the struggle for Dutch independence, although there is little evidence for this.  The genome size is estimated to be 473 mega base pairs, which is four times larger than Arabidopsis thaliana, one-fifth the size of the maize genome, and about the same size as the rice genome. ); The carrot (Daucus carota subsp. In the first year, its rosette of leaves produces large amounts of sugars, which are stored in the taproot to provide energy for the plant to flower in the second year. Factors associated with high levels of splitting include wide plant spacing, early sowing, lengthy growth durations, and genotype. Antonyms. Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020. Carrots are widely used in many cuisines, especially in the preparation of salads, and carrot salads are a tradition in many regional cuisines. Noun. Carrot seeds have been found in Switzerland and Southern Germany dating back to 2000–3000 BC. The stem, located just above the ground, is compressed and the internodes are not distinct. ‘roast lamb with peas and carrots’.  Cultivated carrots appeared in China in the 14th century, and in Japan in the 18th century. The first mention of the root in classical sources is from the 1st century AD; the Romans ate a root vegetable called pastinaca, which may have been either the carrot or the closely related parsnip. 3. The arrangement is centripetal, meaning the oldest flowers are near the edge and the youngest flowers are in the center. With a few exceptions (think French fries), vegetables are just about the healthiest food you can eat. , The fruit that develops is a schizocarp consisting of two mericarps; each mericarp is a true seed. 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